We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
Lazer Kaganovich, the son of Jewish parents, was born in Kabany, on 10th November, 1893. He worked as a shoemaker and joined the the Social Democratic Labour Party in 1911. A member of the Bolshevik faction, he took part in the October Revolution and afterwards became leader of the Communist Party in the Ukraine.
With the support of Joseph Stalin Kaganovich rose quickly in the party hierarchy and by 1930 was a full member of the Politburo. As Stalin's loyal servant, Kaganovich played a significant role in the collectivization programme and joined with Vyacheslav Molotov to oppose suggestions made by Sergey Kirov to free those imprisoned for political offences. Kaganovich was also involved in the great purses (1936-38) that removed all of Stalin's opponents from power.
Kaganovich held a series of posts as people's commissar including transport (1935-37), heavy industry (1937-39) and the fuel industry (1939). In the Second World War Malenkov was part of the five-man defence council which managed the Soviet Union's war effort.
Kaganovich lost power on the death of Joseph Stalin in 1953. He opposed the de-Stalinization policies and in the summer of 1957 he joined with Nikolai Bulganin, Vyacheslav Molotov, Georgy Malenkov in an attempt to oust Nikita Khrushchev. This was unsuccessful and Kaganovich lost all his government posts and was expelled from the Communist Party.
Lazer Kaganovich died in Moscow on 25th July, 1991.
KAGANOVICH, LAZAR MOYSEYEVICH
(1893 – 1991), Stalinist deputy prime minister of the Soviet Union from 1944 to 1957.
Known for his viciousness, Lazar Kaganovich was a staunch Stalinist and a ruthless participant in the purges of the 1930s. Born near Kiev, Ukraine, Kaganovich became active in the Social Democratic Party from 1911 and served as the first secretary of the Ukrainian Communist Party from 1925 to 1928. A brilliant administrator, Kaganovich served on the Presidium of the CPSU from 1930 to 1957 and held numerous important posts, including first secretary in the Moscow Party Organization (1930 – 1935), key administrator of the Agricultural Department of the Central Committee (1933), people's commissar of transport (1935), and people's commissar of heavy industry (1935). In December 1944 he was appointed deputy prime minister of the Soviet Union.
An influential proponent of forced collectivization, Kaganovich advocated harsh repression of the rich peasants, or kulaks, in the late 1920s. During the grain procurement campaign of 1932, Kaganovich headed a commission that was sent to the North Caucasus to speed up grain collection. On November 2 his commission adopted a resolution that called for the violent breakup of kulak sabotage networks and the use of terror to break the resistance of rural communists. The result was the arrest of thousands and the deportation of tens of thousands of rural inhabitants.
His belief in the efficacy of coercion led him to develop a strategy that called for indiscriminate mass repression of workers as a way to increase productivity and punish what he considered anti-Soviet actions in industry. As commissar of transport, Kaganovich was particularly hard on railway men, calling for the death sentence for various offenses that might lead to the breakdown of Soviet transport plans. He devised the so-called theory of counterrevolutionary limit setting on output that he used to destroy hundreds of engineering and technical cadres.
In the Great Purges (1936 – 1938) Kaganovich took the extreme position that the Party's interests justified everything. In the summer of 1937 Kaganovich was sent to carry out purges of local Party organizations in Chelyabinsk, Yaroslavl, Ivanovo, and Smolensk. Throughout 1936 and 1937 he also had all his deputies, nearly all road chiefs and political section chiefs, and many other officials in transport arrested without any grounds whatsoever. In August 1937 he demanded that the NKVD (secret police) arrest ten officials in the People's Commissariat of Transport because he thought their behavior suspicious. All were arrested as spies and shot. He ultimately had thirty-eight transport executives and thousands of Party members arrested.
Following Stalin's death in 1953, Kaganovich opposed Nikita Khrushchev's proposal to admit errors committed by the Party under Stalin's leadership. He remained an oppositionist, eventually allying with Georgy Malenkov, Vyacheslav Molotov, and Dmitry Shepilov, in the so-called Anti-Party Group that attempted to remove Khrushchev from power in 1957. Following the failed coup, Kaganovich was removed from his position as deputy prime minister and assigned to managing a potash works in Perm oblast. He died there of natural causes in 1991.
See also: collectivization of agriculture kulaks purges, the great stalin, josef vissarionovich
Lazar M. Kaganovich Stalin Lieutenant
Lazar M. Kaganovich, the last surviving political lieutenant of Josef Stalin and a key engineer of the Soviet dictator’s bloody farm collectivization drive and terror campaigns of the 1930s, has died at age 97, the Tass news agency reported Friday.
Tass gave no further details. But with the passing of Kaganovich, an era in Soviet history came to an end. The mustachioed, Ukrainian-born Jew was the last of Stalin’s “faithful comrades-in-arms"--the inner Kremlin circle that included Vyacheslav Molotov, Lavrenti Beria and Georgy Malenkov--who helped create Stalin’s brand of totalitarianism.
Kaganovich, who joined the Bolshevik Party when he was 18, played a “sinister role” in the years of Stalin’s terror, according to Soviet historian Roy Medvedev. The head of the Ukrainian Communist Party organization in 1925-28 and the national party’s No. 2 official in 1932-34, he exposed supposed “wreckers” in transport and helped conduct a purge of the Byelorussian party apparatus that wiped out more than half of the organization.
As early as 1932, Kaganovich helped wage ruthless terror in the northern Caucasus that resulted in the deportation en masse of the inhabitants of large Cossack villages. As first secretary of Moscow’s Communist Party organization in 1930-35, he was responsible for the construction of the capital’s subway and the eradication of many historical monuments and churches.
Some Western historians have seen in Kaganovich the archetypal manager of the Stalin era, a party apparatchik willing to get things done regardless of the human cost. He was head of the Communist Party’s agricultural section for a time and thus personally involved in the liquidation of the private holdings of the Soviet peasantry, a long and violent operation that led to millions of deaths and badly damaged the country’s ability to feed itself.
During World War II, as People’s Commissar for Railways, Kaganovich organized the shipment of the vast stocks of machinery and ammunition that the Red Army used to defeat the Nazis.
Fellow Ukrainian Nikita S. Khrushchev, a former protege, was the man who brought about Kaganovich’s political ruin. Khrushchev became Soviet leader after Stalin’s death in 1953 and, four years later, Kaganovich and other members of the so-called “anti-party group” tried to get rid of him.
Kaganovich was officially disgraced and lost all posts. He was expelled from the Communist Party in 1961.
In his memoirs, Khrushchev wrote that Kagonovich was “unsurpassed in his viciousness,” and that “he played the part of a vicious cur who was unleashed to tear limb from limb any member of the Politburo towards whom he sensed Stalin’s coolness.”
A pensioner since 1961, Kaganovich lived in a small two-room flat on Moscow’s Frunzenskaya Embankment. He generally shunned contacts with foreign journalists, but an Italian reporter managed to see him last year and reported that his eyesight was failing and that he walked on crutches due to a hip fracture. With fervor, Kaganovich defended his own role and that of Stalin in Soviet history.
As the sole Jew in Stalin’s Politburo, Kaganovich came under intense criticism in recent years from Russian nationalists who accuse him, rather than Stalin himself, for some of the worst crimes of the Stalin era.
Medvedev, an expert on the period, rejected such an interpretation of the historical record, noting: “The list of Kaganovich’s grave crimes before the party and the people is very long. And yet, Kaganovich was merely one of Stalin’s underlings--the same as Molotov, Zhdanov, Voroshilov, Yezhov and Beria.”
Lazar was born in the Ukrainian Jewish family. He probably never had any schooling and became a shoemaker. After the revolution, Kaganovich was a loyal devotee to Stalin. He became the leader of Ukraine in 1925.
In 1929, Kaganovich returned to Moscow and became responsible for agriculture. He had a significant role to play, planning and executing forced Collectivization and the campaigns of Great Terror.
In the 1930s Lazar Kaganovich held several key positions in the Soviet Union. From 1935 he was the People’s Commissar of Transport and Heavy Industry. He served as Deputy Prime Minister from 1944-57.
Kaganovich is said to have been a rude and vulgar personality. In many cases he ordered death sentences of his subjects, transport workers, with no particular reason.
Kaganovich opposed Nikita Khrushchev’s de-Stalinization campaign. In 1957 he conspired together with Bulganin, Molotov and Malenkov in the Anti-Party Group to depose Khrushchev. This was a failure and he was made to resign his posts.
Kaganovich lived quietly in Moscow until death in 1991 at the age of 98.
Superman, Volkswagen, and Lazar Kaganovich
I HAVE A NUMBER of news reports on my desk which have come to me from around the world during the past couple of weeks. These reports deal with various events in a half-dozen countries, but they all have one element in common: organized Jewish groups with their hands out, demanding money, demanding sympathy, demanding the punishment of their critics. Some of these reports reveal an arrogance and a greed and a pushiness so extreme as to be almost comical. For example, a couple of recent issues of “Superman” comics — issues 81 and 82, to be specific — had Superman fighting the Germans in the Warsaw ghetto back in the 1940s. The Germans were the bad guys, and the residents of the ghetto, who had names like “Baruch” and “Moishe” and were shown wearing yarmulkes, were the good guys. Superman was saving Moishe and Baruch from being shipped off to a concentration camp by the Germans. Pretty standard pro-Jewish, anti-German “Holocaust” propaganda, of the sort we’ve been seeing for the past 60 years, right?
Well, organized Jewish groups weren’t happy with it, because the good guys weren’t identified explicitly as Jews. “Moishe” and “Baruch” and the yarmulkes weren’t explicit enough. The word “Jew” wasn’t used. The Jews are concerned that a child reading the comic books who had never seen a yarmulke and who didn’t know that the names “Moishe” and “Baruch” are strictly Kosher might think that the people Superman was saving were Poles instead of Jews. The Poles might get some undeserved sympathy from the reader as victims of the Germans. And the Jews always have demanded that they be given all of the sympathy connected with the so-called “Holocaust.” They don’t want anyone else horning in on their “victim” status. Kenneth Jacobson, of the Anti-Defamation League of B’nai B’rith, the largest and most powerful Jewish pressure group in America, called the Superman comics depiction of the “Holocaust” “outrageous.” That’s the word he used: “outrageous.” He complained that it is an “insult” to the “six million Jews” who died in the “Holocaust” because it didn’t use the word “Jew.”
Another B’nai B’rith official, Myrna Shinbaum, said, and I quote: “We found it extremely offensive that in what was to have been a positive teaching lesson Jews were not mentioned. You can’t be general when you talk about victims of the Holocaust.” One might think that she and Jacobson were lecturing an anti-Semite for his “insensitivity.” Actually, however, DC Comics, the company which publishes Superman comics, is a completely Jewish outfit, like most of the other major publishers of children’s magazines in America. The president and editor in chief of DC Comics is a Jewess, Jenette Kahn.
So what we were seeing in this particular tempest in a teapot was the Jews grabbing yet another chance to remind all of us once again about how much they have suffered, poor dears, and about how we must never forget it.
And why this victim status is so jealously guarded by the Jews was brought out in another news report which came in a few days ago. This was a report that the Volkswagen company, Germany’s largest automaker, has caved in to Jewish demands and now will pay compensation to Jews who worked involuntarily for Volkswagen during the Second World War. You know, that’s the war during which all of the Jews in Germany supposedly were gassed and cremated. Volkswagen employed 15,000 non-German workers during the war, and they often are referred to by the media as “slave laborers.” Only a small fraction of these workers were Jews, all of them were fed and housed, and many of them had relative freedom of movement during their non-working hours. But they had been dragooned from other countries to help the Germans deal with their severe labor shortage during the war, and they certainly weren’t paid union scale. So a few months ago the Jews among those wartime Volkswagen workers demanded that they be paid for their work — plus interest, of course. Volkswagen initially told them to shove off. It was not Volkswagen which had forced them to work, it was the German government, Volkswagen officials said. Besides, that was more than 53 years ago. If they had a valid claim they should have presented it sooner.
Well, the Jews, all of whom now live in Israel, threatened to sue and to make other difficulties for Volkswagen if their demands weren’t met. “You vant to sell cars in the United States, then you pay us,” the Jews threatened. Two weeks ago Volkswagen, seeing how government officials in the United states were dancing to the Jews’ tune in applying pressure to Switzerland in connection with Jewish claims against that country, caved in and agreed to pay. It seems cheaper to Volkswagen than having the Jews mount the same sort of worldwide propaganda campaign against the company that it has mounted against Swiss banks.
I’ve talked on several earlier programs about the Jewish extortion effort against the Swiss, and now one can begin to see how all of these demands for money hang together. Just as I told you the last time I spoke with you on the subject — three weeks ago, I believe — when the Swiss had made an offer of $600 million to the Jews and the Jews had pretended to be insulted by such a paltry offer, the Jews figured that they could turn up the pressure and get a lot more than $600 million out of the Swiss. And that’s what they’ve done. They’ve got all of their bought politicians in the United States starting boycott legislation of one sort or another against the Swiss. Not only will Swiss banks be barred from doing business in various parts of the United States, but other Swiss companies will be punished as well until the Swiss cough up every cent the Jews are demanding. We are being used — that is our public institutions are being used by the Jews to get what they want — as if these institutions belonged to the Jews and were theirs to use and abuse for their purposes.
And you see, it’s important for the Jews to make an example of the Swiss. That’s what made Volkswagen decide to cough up. That’s what the Jews figure will make the Swedes and the French and the Portuguese and the Spanish and everyone else cough up. They are demonstrating their ability to use the power of government in the United States to coerce anyone who doesn’t yield voluntarily to their demands for money. And they’re able to use the U.S. government like this because they’ve kept the American public feeling sorry for them as “Holocaust” victims. That’s why they raised such a stink when Superman failed to state explicitly that Moishe and Baruch are Jews. As I said, it all hangs together.
This notion that the world owes the Jews for what they claim happened to them more than half a century ago has interesting implications, and we’ve talked about this briefly on earlier programs, but I’ve just finished reading a book which really casts a lot of light on the whole concept of reparations — and on the question of who owes whom. The book is a biography of Lazar Kaganovich, one of the bloodiest of the communist butchers during the 1930s and 1940s and the number-two man in the Kremlin for many years. The book is The Wolf of the Kremlin, and it was written by Stuart Kahan, an American Jew who is Kaganovich’s nephew. Kahan went to the Soviet Union in 1981 and interviewed his uncle extensively — in Yiddish — to write this biography, and it is a goldmine of revelations.
To sum it up, Lazar Kaganovich was a Jew raised in the Jewish tradition, a yeshiva boy taught to guide himself on the basis of doing always what is best for the Jews, and this precept actually is cited explicitly several times in the book. He attended his first Communist Party meeting in 1911, when he was 18, to hear the Jewish communist Trotsky give a speech in a synagogue in Kiev that’s right: in a synagogue. He rose rapidly in the inner circle of the Communist Party, which contained many more Jews than Gentiles. His success was due primarily to his aggressiveness and his ruthlessness. In his communist activity he held back from nothing, no matter how brutal or bloody. He even killed his fellow Jews when they got in his way. He was a gangster among gangsters.
In 1930 Kaganovich organized a special department of the Soviet secret police, with himself as the head. It was referred to as the department of “wet affairs,” with “wet” meaning “bloody.” That is, it handled clandestine mass executions, of the sort carried out later at Vinnitsa in Ukraine and at Katyn in Russia and at a thousand other places throughout the Soviet Union over the next two decades. Kaganovich became the commissar in charge of mass murder. Yet when the German Army invaded the Soviet Union in 1941, it was Kaganovich who was the savior of the Jews: he arranged for the evacuation of all Jews from the frontier areas and their resettlement far to the east, where they would be safe from the Germans. Let the Ukrainians and the Russians bear the brunt of the German invasion, but protect the Jews from hardship and danger at any cost.
And Kaganovich boasts that he saved the Jews once again, in 1953, when Stalin was planning to rid Russia of them, by arranging for Stalin to be poisoned. He and his sister Rosa, who was a doctor, devised a scheme to switch pills in Stalin’s medicine cabinet so that he would have a fatal stroke, which he did.
When the Gentile communist Nikita Khruschev accused Kaganovich in 1957 at a Soviet Party Congress of having murdered 20 million Russians during his career, Kaganovich didn’t even deny it. He only accused Khruschev of being a murderer too. “Your hands are blood-stained too,” Kaganovich told him. Khruschev pointed out that the difference was that he, Khruschev, had merely followed Kaganovich’s orders, while it had been Kaganovich who had formulated the policies of mass murder and had given the orders for carrying out those policies.
As I said, it’s a fascinating book, this biography of Lazar Kaganovich, and if you really want to gain some insight into the Jewish mentality, into the way they justify themselves, into the way they view the non-Jewish world, you should read it for yourself. Kaganovich wants to boast about the power he once held, and at the same time he wants to evade responsibility for his crimes, and one can see this ambivalent attitude throughout the book.
Now the point of all this is that Kaganovich did manage to evade responsibility. He was permitted to retire and to live out his life in comfort in Moscow. He was expelled from the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in 1957, when he lost a power struggle with Khruschev, and he was kicked out of the Communist Party itself in 1962. So Kaganovich simply retired from the business of mass murder and then lived in peace and relative luxury for nearly 30 more years, until his death in 1991 at the age of 98. Not even the publication of his nephew’s autobiography of him in 1987, with all of its revelations of his crimes, brought a public demand that he be punished. Not even after the collapse of communism did anyone call him to account for his genocide against the Russian and Ukrainian people.
Suppose that instead of being a Jew who murdered 20 million Gentiles he had been a German accused of killing just 100 Jews. Can’t you imagine the screams from the media around the world that he be put on trial and punished? Can’t you imagine the hysterical demands for revenge from the Jews, the non-stop demonstrations in front of German embassies everywhere? Such a wonderful opportunity to remind everyone about the “Holocaust” and how the poor, innocent Jews had suffered, and how the world now owed them reparations — such an opportunity certainly would not go unexploited. But in the case of Lazar Kaganovich only silence, only disinterest by the media. Interesting, isn’t it?
Now, you and I understand the reason for this difference, don’t we? We’ve discussed it a number of times on these programs. We understand that the “Holocaust” story is important to the Jews because they are able to milk the Gentile world for billions of dollars every year by keeping the Gentiles feeling guilty for letting it happen. And we understand why the Jews don’t feel guilty for having unleashed communism on the world, just as they don’t feel guilty for having spawned monsters like Lazar Kaganovich. They really believe that only their lives count, not ours.
And I should add that we understand why the Germans back before the Second World War really wanted to get the Jews out of their country and off their backs. And we understand why Stalin decided in 1953 that he would leave as his gift to the Russian people something that they would be eternally grateful for by getting rid of every Jew in the Soviet Union.
So, the question now is, what can we do to free ourselves from the Jews? What can we do to break their death grip on our mass media of news and entertainment and on our political system? How can we bring about an end to their racket of using us to extort money from the rest of the world for them?
Well, I’ll tell you, one thing we can’t do is make an appeal to our elected leaders in Washington. Most of the politicians understand quite well what’s going on, but they don’t care about anything that’s going on unless it’s an issue in the mass media or can be made into an issue in the mass media and they can figure a way to get votes from it. About the only difference between Bill Clinton and the rest of the gang in Washington, Republicans as well as Democrats, is that Bill Clinton has more charisma. If we had an honest, patriotic government they’d all be gallows bait.
Another bunch we can’t count on are businessmen, like the people who run Volkswagen or the Swiss banks. Generally these are pretty smart people, and they understand the same things we understand. But just as the politicians don’t care about anything except votes, these big businessmen don’t care about anything except profits. The Volkswagen people understand that if anyone owes something, the Jews who worked in their plant during the war owe Volkswagen for keeping them alive and permitting them to survive the war in one piece. But they won’t say that publicly, because as long as the Jews control the media and the government in America there’s no profit in that. And the same for the Swiss bankers.
In fact, there’s more than a possible loss of profit involved. There are hundreds of people sitting in prisons in Germany and Switzerland now, because they dared to speak the truth about the Jews and thus violated so-called “hate” laws the Jews had their bought politicians in those countries enact for the specific purpose of silencing those who would expose them. An example is Rudolf Keller, a member of the nationalist Swiss Democratic Party, who was arrested earlier this month in Zürich and charged with being a “hate criminal.” Mr. Keller’s “crime” was announcing publicly that if the Jews proceed with their anti-Swiss boycotts in America, then the Swiss people should in reprisal refuse to buy any American-made goods, shop in stores or eat in restaurants owned by Jews, or take vacations in America or Israel. The politicians who had him arrested claimed that Keller’s announcement might incite “race hatred” against the Jews — and in Switzerland, Germany, and many other countries the Jews already have arranged for that to be illegal. They’re working hard to have similar laws enacted in America.
So what can we do? Listen: not everyone in America is a politician or a businessman. And not everyone is a couch potato, who is incapable of understanding anything which doesn’t come to him directly from his television screen. There still are decent, honest, and rational people in America: people who are capable of understanding if one makes information available to them and who will care once they understand. Believe me, you and I aren’t the only ones. There are enough good people left to upset the Jews’ applecart — if we do our part.
And our part is to reach these decent people and help them understand. And you know, we can do that. I can keep on presenting facts of the sort I’ve brought out today — facts which will help people understand, among other things, who is persecuting whom, who owes whom. And this is important, because most of these decent, rational Americans have never heard the things about Lazar Kaganovich which we discussed today. Most of these decent people are too busy with their own lives to pay attention to the current Jewish campaign to silence their critics with new laws against what they call “hate speech.” They need to be told. They need to be made to pay attention.
And you can help make them pay attention. I’ll keep presenting the facts you get other people to listen. I’ll bet you know at least five decent people who are not listening to American Dissident Voices now. You get them to start listening. Do whatever you have to, but get them to start paying attention.
Lazar Kaganovich one of the worst mass murderers in history
Lazar Kaganovich, was one of the worst mass murderers in history, and little wonder that during World War II large numbers of Ukrainians greeted the Germans as liberators, with many joining the Waffen-SS to keep Communism from enslaving all of Europe.
Lazar Moiseyevich Kaganovich (Kogan), of Jewish descent, was born in Kubany, near Kiev, Ukraine, in 1893. In 1911 he joined the Jewish-founded Communist Party and became involved with the Bolsheviks (Lower East Side New York Jews). Kaganovich took an active part in the 1917 takeover of Christian Russia by Communism and rose rapidly in the Party hierarchy.
From 1925 to 1928, he was first secretary of the party organization in Ukraine and by 1930 was a full member of the Politburo.
Kaganovich was one of a small group of Stalin's top sadists pushing for very high rates of collectivization after 1929. He became Stalin's butcher of Christian Russians during the late 1920s and early 1930s when the Kremlin (jews) launched its war against the kulaks (small landowners who were Christians) and implemented a ruthless policy of land collectivization. The resulting state-organized forced famine, was a planned genocide and killed 7 000 000 Ukrainians between 1932 and 1933, and inflicted enormous suffering on the Soviet Central Asian republic of Kazakhstan.
Josef Stalin (Dzhugashvili) altered census figures to hide the millions of famine deaths when the Ukraine and northern Caucasus region had an extremely poor harvest in 1932, just as Stalin was demanding heavy requisitions of grain to sell abroad to finance his industrialization program which was on top of enforced collective farming of 1929. Stalin is conservatively estimated to have been responsible for the murder and/or starvation of 40,000,000 Russians and Ukrainians during his reign of terror, while the total deaths resulting from the de-kulaklization and famine, by way of Kaganovich, can be conservatively estimated at about 14,500,000.
Lazer Kaganovich - History
First of all, Stalin was only married twice: to Ekaterina Svanidze and Nadezhda Alliluyeva. Neither of the two were Jewish. Svanidze was a Georgian who married Stalin in an Orthodox church. Alliluyeva was ethnically Russian, with Georgian, Gypsy, and German roots. She was Christened at birth. So: no Jews. Shut case.
But wife number three. Wait a minute, didn't we just say he was only married twice?
The rumor started in the 1930s, after Alliluyeva's suicide (living with Stalin must have been just peachy), and didn't stop until Stalin's death in 1953. Numerous western publications sited Rosa Kaganovich as Stalin's mistress and/or third wife. And Rosa was related to one of Stalin's sidekicks, Lazar Kaganovich, Jew. So.
So it gets pretty messy. When one starts digging, it seems that the story is rather shallow. First of all, Rosa's relationship to Lazar varies based on the source: she is either his sister, niece, daughter, or even wife. Her age changes as well, ranging from someone older than Stalin to that of a teenager. There is absolutely no record that someone with that name existed. The Kaganovich family sternly denies it as well.
It all looks like rumor-mongering that started in the 30s and continues to this day. One thing we're disappointed about, however: according to one of the rumors, Rosa poisoned Stalin to his death.
A Jew responsible for killing one of history's worst monsters? If only that myth was real.
Katyn: Lazar Kaganovich’s testimony
The well known Russian military historian, doctor in history of science, A. N. Kolesnik has to the editorial staff of “The truth about Katyn” forwarded extracts of stenograph from his personal conversations with the former member of the Politburo of the Communist Party, L. M. Kaganovich.
Altogether A.N. Kolesnik conducted six conversations with L. M. Kaganovich between 1985 and 1991 around different historical subjects. Out of censorship reasons it is not possible to release the stenographs from these conversations without considerable cuts and edits, not even in small parts, since the direct speech from Kaganovich is full of ugly words and swearing which characterizes his attitude to the leadership of Hitlerite Germany, to the leading circles of bourgeois Poland and to the leaders of the “Gorbachovite” perestroika, and in particular in person to A. N. Yakovlev.
The dates for A. N. Kolesniks conversations with L. M. Kaganovich and their duration are documented by the employees of the KGB who guarded the stairwell where L. M. Kaganovich were living. If necessary the dates and the duration of the conversations can be established more thoroughly with the help of archival information, since the guards were obligated to register all the visitors in a special logbook. Apart from that all the visitors were photographed with a special camera which automatically fixed the date and the time for the film shooting.
The conversation about the Katyn issue, during which L. M. Kaganovich for the first time announced the information of the exact amount of citizens from former Poland that had really been executed on Soviet territory between November 1939 and July 1941, took place on November 6, 1985 in Moscow in L. M. Kaganovich’s apartment which was located at Frunzenskaya naberezhnaya, house 50 and lasted for 2 hours and 40 minutes, from 6.40 pm to 9.20 pm. Present at this conversation was also Lazar Moiseyevich’s daughter Maya Lazarevna, who stenographed everything that was said.
Later it turned out that the conversation also had been recorded with the help of special technical equipment by the employees of the KGB who in silence conducted reconnaissance of L. M. Kaganovich. That became obvious, when A. N. Kolesnik was called by the operative KGB employee Captain Ryazanov, who in a categorical form demanded that the content of the completed conversation could not be made public.
During the conversation on November 6, 1985, L. M. Kaganovich said that during the spring of 1940 the Soviet leadership was forced to make a very difficult decision to execute 3 196 criminals among those who were citizens of former Poland, but L. M. Kaganovich said that it was absolutely necessary in the then prevailing political situation. According to Kaganovich’s testimony, they had essentially sentenced to execution Polish criminals who had been involved in the mass extermination of captured Russian Red Guards 1920-1921, and employees of Polish punishment bodies who had compromised themselves with crimes committed against the USSR and the Polish working class during the 1920s and 1930s. Apart from them they had also executed criminals among the Polish POWs who had committed serious general crimes on Soviet territory after their internment in September-October 1939 – gang rapes, criminal assaults, murders and so on (L. M. Kaganovich said literally: “ …the fuckers, the bandits and the murderers …”).
Apart from Kaganovich, the former chairman of the Peoples Council of Commissars V. M. Molotov in a telephone conversation in 1986 estimated that the amount of executed citizens of former Poland 1939-1941 amounted to “about 3 000 people”.
The exact figure 196” Polish citizens who had been executed in the USSR in 1939-1941 was also decidedly confirmed by the former Soviet People’s Commissar for the Construction Industry, S. Z. Ginzburg, in a private conversation with A. N. Kolesnik.
S. Z. Ginzburg told A. N. Kolesnik little-known details of the Soviet excavation works in the Katyn forest. According to him the excavations of the graves with the Polish citizens were conducted in 1944 not only in Kozi Gory but also in at least two other places west of Smolensk. The excavations and the exhumations were conducted with the help of special construction- and assembly units, so-called OSMCh (in Russian osobye stroitelno-montazhnye chasti), which were under S. Z. Ginzburg’s operational management. Because of the period of time that had elapsed S. Z. Ginzburg could not remember the exact number of this OSMCh unit, but said that the unit in question had been formed shortly after the beginning of the war on the basis of one of the civilian building boards and that their staff in 1944 amounted to about 200 people. After the exhumation works they distributed to all the conscripts of the unit – at S. Z. Ginzburg’s request – one kilogram of chocolate as some kind of bonus.
A. N. Yakovlev, member of the Politburo of the Central Committee, started to earnestly interest himself in the contents of the conversations between A. N. Kolesnik and L. M. Kaganovich, and also showed great concern regarding a possible publication of Kaganovich’s testimony about the Katyn issue. At the end of 1989, right before his appearance in front of the 2nd Congress of People’s Deputies, A. N. Yakovlev turned, through A. N. Kolesnik, over a list of tendentiously selected questions about the Katyn issue with the suggestion of recording his answers at a tape recorder. The idea was to prepare Kaganovich’s answers in a proper way and confirm the version of the Soviet guilt in the Katyn massacre by his authoritative testimony. (Kaganovich said literally: “Tell this son of a bitch that I have had them spinning around my dick! I am from the family of a common meat pundit, but have been a member of the Central Committee and a minister, while they want us to fall back to 1914. The thing they have invented about Katyn – that will bounce back at them with bloody tears. They want us again to end up in a conflict with Europe. Because during the last war we indeed not only fought Hitler but with most other European countries!”
The perspective of a publication of the exact amount of Polish citizens that were executed in 1939-41 (3 196 people) and the true reasons for the executions, induced an extreme nervousness of Yakovlev and his surroundings. In exchange that A. N. Kolesnik should keep quiet about the information around the Katyn issue that he had received from L. M. Kaganovich, A. N. Yakovlev suggested that he could choose between six different senior posts.
When A. N. Kolesnik declined that offer, they arranged on directives from A. N. Yakovlev and D. A. Volkogonov a meeting between him and a representative for “competent bodies” who conducted a “preventive talk” with him in V. M. Falin’s (the head of the news agency APN) office. During the conversation threats were made to “bring him in on a long time”, if A. N. Kolesnik would go public on the facts about the Katyn issue that L. M. Kaganovich had told him.
When it became apparent that this measure had no effect, they brought prosecution on A. N. Kolesnik which ended with him being dismissed from the Military History Institute in 1993.
THE LIFE AND DEATH OF A MONSTER UNLEASHED BY STALIN
The first reaction of a history buff on hearing that Lazar Kaganovich had died in Moscow might be to ask: You mean he was still alive?
Comrade Kaganovich was 97 at his death, adding further weight to the folk wisdom that the good die young. Nevertheless, his longevity was a considerable achievement-the equivalent of someone surviving to draw Social Security after spending 65 years in a cage of man-eating beasts, which is as accurate a description as any of Stalin`s Politburo.
Lazar Moyseyevich Kaganovich made it to old age by out-Stalinizing Stalin:
If the boss was worried about peasants in Ukraine keeping some of their grain instead of giving it all to the state, Lazar Moyseyevich could be dispatched to Kiev to organize an exodus-and-famine. Every dehydrated baby, every family driven off its farm might as well have been stamped Product of L.M. Kaganovich, First Secretary, Ukraine, 1925-29.
If Stalin wanted a monumental metro system built under Moscow to demonstrate communism`s greatness, it was Lazar Moyseyevich who would see to the slave labor and not be too picky about safety or rations. Every beautiful mosaic and shining chandelier in what may be the most spacious and ornate subway in the world represents thousands of people worked and starved to death by order of L.M. Kaganovich, Commissar.
If Stalin wanted the party purged, as he did regularly, the job could be left to L.M. Kaganovich, chief of the Department of Organizations and Assignments, promoter of lackeys, destroyer of hopes, suspecter of all but himself.
If Stalin tired of looking at reminders of the past-Moscow`s old 19th Century buildings with their ornate carvings, or some great church that people still gazed at with hope-then L.M. Kaganovich, master engineer, would replace it with blocks of dull gray Stalinist flats, the very emblem of hopelessness. The Cathedral of Christ the Savior, built to celebrate the Russian people`s defeat of Napoleon in 1812, is known to us now only in drawings. It was replaced by a huge swimming pool on the orders of L.M. Kaganovich, urban planner and despoiler.
Nothing he touched would retain any of its old character all would give way to the uniformly shoddy. But every deadline, whether for a hydroelectric plant or an assembly line, would be met on time. Or else someone would be shot. Lots of someones. By order of L.M. Kaganovich, Member, Central Committee.
It is recorded that once in his 97 years Lazar Kaganovich did speak truth to power. It was after Stalin was gone, of course, and Nikita Khrushchev, Kaganovich`s own protege from Ukraine, ousted him from the top levels of the apparat. In one of those shouts that it`s hard to believe ever got shouted, Chairman Khrushchev is supposed to have told him: ''Your hands are stained with the blood of our party leaders and of innumerable, innocent Bolsheviks!'' To which L.M. Kaganovich replied: ''So are yours!''
Later, Comrade Kaganovich would revert to character, or rather to the absence of same, and plead with Khrushchev ''not to allow them to deal with me as they dealt with people under Stalin,'' forbearing to note that the ''they'' who dealt with people so ruthlessly had been he.
They were all in it together-the Molotovs and Khrushchevs and Vishinskys and Berias. Some just kept it up longer than others. Lazar Kaganovich lasted till almost 100. In the end he dozed off wordlessly in his chair at 10 o`clock one Moscow night, a blind old pensioner drawing 300 rubles a month.
Lazar Kaganovich was to Stalin as Albert Speer was to Hitler, though Comrade Kaganovich would have made Herr Speer look like a softie. Comrade Kaganovich was never caught and tried, much less imprisoned. But he did see the beginnings of history`s judgment on the party and the whole criminal conspiracy that was called communism.
Decorations and awards
- ↑ Compare: Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
- ↑ Rees, Edward Afron. 1994. Stalinism and Soviet Rail Transport, 1928-41. Birmingham: Palgrave Macmillan 
- ↑Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
- ↑Ukraine court finds Bolsheviks guilty of Holodomor genocide, RIA Novosti (13 January 2010)
Yushchenko Praises Guilty Verdict Against Soviet Leaders For Famine, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (14 January 2010)
- ↑The Kiev Court of Appeals named the organizers of Holodomor. by Ya.MuzychenkoTemplate:Uk icon
- ↑http://www.hrono.ru/biograf/kaganov_m.htmlciting K. A. Zalesskiy, Stalin's Empire
- ↑ Sebag Montefiore, Simon (2004). The Court of the Red Tsar. Phoenix. p.668
- ↑The Bukovsky Archives, 12 July 1984.
- ↑ Kahan, Stuart. The Wolf of the Kremlin: The First Biography of L.M. Kaganovich, the Soviet Union's Architect of Fear (William Morrow & Co, 1987)
- ↑ See:
- Life - July 14, 1941. p. 19: "A sister Rosa first lived with Stalin, then after the suicide of his second wife is supposed to have married Stalin"
- Life - March 29, 1943. page 40: "His sister Rosa is supposedly married to Stalin"
- Time - April 18, 1949: "Lazar Kaganovich, who is Stalin's brother-in-law"
- Time - July 23, 1951: "Lazar Kaganovich, long time politburo member and Stalin's brother-in-law"
- Life - March 16, 1953. page 22: "Kaganovich, the brilliant and energetic Jew, Stalin's brother-in-law"
- Life - April 13, 1953. page 168: "Kaganovich (a member of the Politburo and brother of Stalin's third wife)"
- Time - September 7, 1953: "Lazar Kaganovich (Stalin's brother-in-law)"
- The New York Times - November 22, 1953 KAGANOVICH DECORATED Malenkov's Regime Gives High Honor to Stalin's Brother-in-Law
- Time - February 7, 1955 - "Lazar M. Kaganovich, wartime commissar for transport, reputedly Stalin's brother-in-law"
- Youngstown Vindicator - March 7, 1953: "Rosa Kaganovich"
- Milwaukee Sentinel - June 11, 1960: "Rosa Kaganovich"
- The New York Times - July 27, 1991: "Kaganovich's sister, Rosa"
- ↑Face of a Victim is the autobiography of Elizabeth Lermolo, a woman who fled Russia, arriving in the US in 1950. The book tells the story of the death of Stalin's second wife Nadezhda (Nadya) as witnessed by Natalia Trushina, who was employed as a housekeeper in Stalin's home, and who in 1937, Elizabeth Lermolo shared an NVKD prison cell with. Rosa (Roza) Kaganovich, with whom Stalin was having an affair, was whom Stalin and his wife were arguing about before she died. This book alleges Stalin struck Nadya a fatal blow with his revolver.
Robert Payne mentioned Rosa in a 1965 biography of Stalin, where he said: "At such parties he was always inclined to drink dangerously. Something said by Nadezhda - it may have been about another woman, Rosa Kaganovich, who was also present, or about the expropriations in the villages which were dooming the peasants to famine - reduced Stalin to a state of imbecile rage. In front of her friends he poured out a torrent of abuse and obscenity. He was a master of the art of cursing, with an astonishing range of vile phrases and that peculiarly." (The Rise and Fall of Stalin, p. 410)
Harford Montgomery Hyde also wrote about Rosa in his 1982 biography of Stalin: "However, it has been established that after the birth of their second child Svetlana, Stalin ceased to share his wife's bed and moved into a small bedroom beside the dining room of the Kremlin apartment. It has also been stated that, after the Georgian singer's departure for Afghanistan, the woman who was the chief cause of their difference was another dark-eyed beauty, the brunette Rosa Kaganovich, sister of the commissar Lazar, with whom Molotov had previously had an affair. At all events, by 1931 Nadya was thoroughly disillusioned with her husband and most unhappy." (Stalin: The History of a Dictator, p. 260)
Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters".